Ginseng improves cognitive deficit in advanced glycation end products-induced rats via RAGE/NF-κB pathway

Ginseng, the root of Panax ginseng (PG), has been used widely as a herbal medicine for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. PG had pharmacological effects on neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The present study was designed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of PG and the possible neuroprotective mechanisms in advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-induced AD model rats.