Ginsenosides from Korean Red Ginseng ameliorate lung inflammatory responses: Inhibition of the MAPKs/NF-κB/c-Fos pathways

Korean Red Ginseng (steamed and dried white ginseng, Panax ginseng Meyer) is well-known for enhancing vital energy and immune capacity, and inhibiting cancer cell growth. Some clinical studies also demonstrated a therapeutic potential of ginseng extract for treating lung inflammatory disorders. This study was carried out to establish the therapeutic potential of ginseng saponins on the lung inflammatory response.