Effects of Korean Red Ginseng extract on busulfan-induced dysfunction of male reproductive systems

Anti-cancer agents induce a variety of adverse effects when they are administered to cancer patients. Busulfan is a known anti-leukemia agent. When administered for treatment of leukemia in young patients, busulfan could cause damage of the reproductive system as one of its adverse effects, resulting in male sterility.

Red Ginseng extract blocks histamine-dependent itch by inhibition of H1R/TRPV1 pathway in sensory neurons

Korean Red Ginseng – a steamed root of Panax ginseng Meyer – has long been used as a traditional medicine in Asian countries. Its anti-pruritic effect was recently found, but no molecular mechanisms were revealed. Thus, the current study focused on determining the underlying molecular mechanism of Korean Red Ginseng extract (RGE) against histamine-induced itch at the peripheral sensory neuronal level.

Anti-melanogenic effect of ginsenoside Rg3 through ERK-mediated inhibition of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor

Panax ginseng has been used to prolong longevity and is believed to be useful for skin beauty. Ginsenosides are the most active components isolated from ginseng, and ginsenoside Rg3 (G-Rg3) in particular has been demonstrated to possess antioxidative, anti-tumorigenic, and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to examine the ability of G-Rg3 to inhibit melanogenesis.

Chemical diversity of ginseng saponins from

Ginseng, a perennial plant belonging to the genus Panax of Araliaceae, is well known for its medicinal properties that help alleviate pathological symptoms, promote health, and prevent potential diseases. Among the active ingredients of ginseng are saponins, most of which are glycosides of triterpenoid aglycones. So far, numerous saponins have been reported as components of Panax ginseng, also known as Korean ginseng. Herein, we summarize available information about 113 saponins related to Panax ginseng; more than 80 of them are isolated from raw or processed ginseng, and the others are acid/base hydrolysates, semi-synthetic saponins, or metabolites.

Preparation of minor ginsenoside C-Mc, C-Y, F2 and C-K from American ginseng PPD-ginsenoside using special ginsenosidase type-I from g.848

Minor ginsenosides, low content in ginseng, have higher pharmacological activities. To obtain minor ginsenosides, the biotransformation of American ginseng PPD-ginsenoside was studied using special ginsenosidase type-I from Aspegillus niger g.848. The methods of DEAE-cellulose and PAGE were used in enzyme purification, TLC and HPLC were used in enzyme hydrolysis and kinetics; crude enzyme was used in minor ginsenoside preparation from PPD-ginsenoside; the products were separated with silica-gel-column, and recognised by HPLC and NMR.