Ginsenoside Rg5 prevents apoptosis by modulating HO-1/Nrf2 signaling and alters the expression of cognitive impairment-associated genes in thermal stress-exposed HT22 cells

Our results suggested that thermal stress can lead to activation of hippocampal cell damage and reduction of memory-associated molecules in HT22 cells. These finding also provide a part of molecular rationale for the role of Rg5 as a potent cognitive impairment preventive compound in blocking the initiation of hippocampal damage.