Total ginsenosides suppress monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats: involvement of nitric oxide and mitogen-activated protein kinases pathways

Ginsenosides have been shown to exert beneficial pharmacological effects on the central nervous, cardiovascular, endocrine systems. We sought to determine whether total ginsenosides (TG) inhibit monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension and to elucidate the underlying mechanism.

Endophytic YIM PH30019: a promising biocontrol agent with hyperosmolar, mycoparasitism and antagonistic activities of induced volatile organic compounds on root-rot pathogenic fungi of

Biocontrol agents are thought as promising and environmental friendly approaches as agrochemicals for phytodiseases have caused serious environmental and health problems. Trichoderma species have been widely used in suppression of soil-borne pathogens. In this study, an endophytic fungus Trichoderma gamsii YIM PH30019 from healthy Panax notoginseng root was investigated on its biocontrol potential.