Applications of leaves mediated gold nanoparticles in cosmetics relation to antioxidant, moisture retention and whitening effect on B16BL6 cells

Bioactive compounds in plant extracts are able to reduce metal ions to nanoparticles through the process of green synthesis. Panax ginseng is an oriental medicinal herb and an adaptogen which has been used to cure various diseases from long history. In addition, the P. ginseng leaves mediated gold nanoparticles are the value-added novel materials. Its potential as a cosmetic ingredient is still unexplored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, moisture retention and whitening properties of gold nanoparticles (PgAuNPs) in cosmetic applications.