Non-saponin fraction of Korean Red Ginseng attenuates cytokine production via inhibition of TLR4 expression

Ginsenosides of Korean Red Ginseng extracts (RGE) and its saponin components suppress secretion of inflammasome-mediating cytokines while the non-saponin fraction (NS) of RGE oppositely stimulates cytokine secretion. Although direct exposure of NS to macrophages and mice induces cytokine production, oral administration of NS has not been studied in inflammasome-related disease model animals.