Jilin Province is one of the principal production bases of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China with its typical preponderance in TCM resources, research and development power and industrialization capacity. The province has 2,790 species of TCM materials in total. Over 20% of the TCM materials in common use are from Jilin Province. The province has established 36 Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) bases for 22 typical TCMs. The overall situation, in terms of collection, processing and preparation, and the implementation of GAP of TCM materials in Jilin Province were summarized.