Ginsenoside Rd alleviates mouse acute renal ischemia/reperfusion injury by modulating macrophage phenotype

Ginsenoside Rd (GSRd), main components of the root of Panax ginseng, exhibit anti-inflammation functions and decrease infarct size in many injuries and ischemia diseases like focal cerebral ischemia. M1 Macrophages are regarded as one of the key inflammatory cells having functions for disease progression.