Ginsenoside Rg promotes inflammation resolution through M2 macrophage polarization

Ginsenosides have been reported with many health benefits, including anti-inflammatory effects and the resolution of inflammation is now considered to be an active process driven by M2 type macrophages. In order to determine whether ginsenosides modulate macrophage phenotypes to reduce inflammation, 11 ginsenosides were studied with respect to macrophage polarization and the resolution of inflammation.